The Idiot & # 39; s Guide to The Best Forex Trading Education Secrets

Individual traders can make significant profits on the Forex market. Through research, effort and good advice, someone can make a good return on their investment. When learning the basic principles of forex trading, an investor must be able to draw on the experiences of other traders. This article offers some useful tips and guidelines for Forex trade education.

Follow daily financial news to keep track of which currency you are trading. Speculation is the name of the game and the news media have a lot to do with it. Try setting up a system that sends you a text message when something happens in the markets where you are involved.

If you are not yet familiar with Forex trading, one thing you want to keep in mind is avoiding trading on a so-called & # 39; thin market & # 39 ;. Thin markets are markets with little public interest.

Sometimes changing your stop loss point before it is activated can even lose your money if you hadn't touched it. Just stick to the plan you made in the beginning to do it better.

When people first enter the Forex markets, they often let themselves be blinded by their greed, leading to losses. Other emotions to be controlled are panic and fear. All your transactions must be done with your head and not with your heart.

Investigate the broker that you are going to use so that you can protect your investment. Choose a broker who has a good track record and has been working on it for five years.

Never let emotion determine your strategy when you fail or succeed in a transaction. Revenge and greed are terrible allies in Forex. You must keep a cool head when trading with Forex, you can lose a lot of money if you make hasty decisions.

Automated Forex programs & # 39; s and eBooks with infallible systems are not worth your money. Almost all products such as these give you a non-tested and unproven program. Ultimately, the only people who are involved in these transactions and who get richer are the sellers. Instead of wasting money on potentially dubious products, you spend that first amount of money on a Forex trader who can teach you what you need to know.

As mentioned at the beginning of this article, information and advice from experienced traders is important for new and less experienced traders. The good advice in this article can benefit anyone who wants to know more about forex trading. A trader who is willing to engage in Forex trade education and listen to advice can gain enormous benefits.

10 Steps to Travel to Europe Cheap

It is possible that you have searched for airline tickets at least once and I thought they would still be there when I am 65 and retired. Don't be discouraged! I'll explain how you can travel to the European country of your dreams for less than you ever imagined possible.

Step 1. Forget your expensive trips

The quickest way to make your trip as expensive as possible is to narrow your search to something incredibly specific.

For example, just because you have a four-day Easter weekend doesn't mean it's a good time to travel. Open yourself flexibly on the dates you travel, the places you travel to, and where you reside. The more flexible you are, the cheaper the journey will be.

Step 2. Determine where you really want to visit.

I know I only said I'm flexible, but that doesn't mean you can't choose where you want to go, it means you have to be open to get there in ways you didn't anticipate. If you want to visit Dublin more than anything else, don't just look for US flights to Dublin. It is possible to find a US air ticket to another European city for much less. Then you can book another short flight to Dublin for less than $ 80 round. It's a great way to see a bonus country too!

Step 3. Determine which city you will fly out of

Flights to Europe vary greatly depending on the airport you arrive at and the dates of travel. So, a good first step may be to determine which airport to fly to. If you live in a big city like New York, Boston or Los Angeles, you're lucky! You will find the cheapest flights to Europe from these cities. If you do not live in these cities, you will probably end up flying through them to reach Europe. So if you can drive to one of these cities, this can be a cheap option. Otherwise, consider booking a flight to one of these cities from your home country. While it may seem odd, you can get cheaper flights by keeping each leg separate rather than booking a ticket from your home to your destination.

Step 4. Determine the cheapest European city to fly to

The easiest way to do this is to check out the sites that rank for all the cheapest flights so you don't have to search hundreds of flights yourself. Some locations allow you to enter the United States or the city from which you know you will leave the "from" field. In the "to" field, try selecting "everywhere". Then, scroll down to the list of search results for the first / cheapest country in Europe to fly. If, for example, Norway comes in at $ 340 and France comes in at $ 380, then it is worthwhile to choose France only if this is your desired destination. However, if the difference is more than $ 100 I will choose the cheapest airport first. The annoying thing about Skyscanner is that deals are often no longer active, and sometimes you also have to search for many dates in search of cheaper travel. But patience is the key and this is how you can find the cheapest flights. Another tip is that sometimes flights are made through travel agencies and it is worthwhile to seek out reviews for the organization before booking your ticket, keeping in mind that happy customers rarely write reviews. But if the organism has one of the five stars, this can be a sign of passing.

Step 5. Find a pan-European flight to reach your dream European destination

One thing that most people do not realize is that flying from one country to Europe is dirty cheap.

I've been flying all over Europe for $ 14 one way. It's not funny. I have never paid more than $ 60 for a flight to Europe. Use to find a flight to your actual destination from any country you ended up booking the cheapest flight to Europe.

Step 6. Now that you've arrived, find a cheap or free place to stay

Everyone has their own idea of ​​a dream vacation. If yours stays at the Ritz, then I'm surprised you're reading this away through this article. For most of us, we just want to stay somewhere dignified, enjoying all that Europe has to offer. I've never been to a dump in Europe. I don't want to and I'm just not that desperate. Accommodations are classified into four options: hotel, rental, hostel or Couchsurf.

  • Hotel. Staying at a hotel is a safe way to go and if this is your first time in Europe or you're not too risky then this is probably the route you want to take. Hotels vary from $ 20 to $ 200 per night, depending on where you visit, so you might want to keep that in mind when choosing a destination. I would not advise staying in Monaco unless your oil company sees first-quarter earnings, but staying close to Nice can be an option. In other words, keep your options open.
  • Rental. Booking a rented room, apartment, villa or house is also a safe bet, but it can be a bit more complicated than checking into a hotel. Sites like Homeaway and Airbnb offer some really unique locations and I have to say that some of my favorite places to stay in Europe were rentals. From a villa to a winery in Tuscany to a secluded mother-in-law in a quiet neighborhood outside of London, I really enjoyed staying in rentals and the price is often much lower than staying in a hotel if there is a group of you who can share the cost.
  • Hotel. The word hostel brings the thoughts of scary movies, but the reality is that the difference between a hostel and a hotel is sometimes opaque in Europe. There are certainly hostels where you can get a bunk in a room with five other travelers and for some people this is exciting and exciting! But just because bunk beds aren't your thing, doesn't mean you have to exclude everything the hostel term has in the title. I stayed in some "hostels" that were just as nice as a hotel.
  • Couchsurf. If you're really on a tight budget or if meeting locals is really important to you, there's no better way than at Couchsurf. If you have no idea what I'm talking about, visit the Couchsurfing website. Essentially, the site allows you to request that you stay with someone who wants to host travelers home for free and vice versa. People leave comments to travelers and hosts so you can be certain they are reliable. This is of course accompanied by risk and safety measures. In addition, you should always have a backup plan in case the situation is not proven.

Step 7. Eat cheap.

I focus on the needs of visiting Europe: travel, accommodation and food. There are of course many other ways to spend money, but these are the things you need to spend money on, food being one.

The food is amazing. I love food and the first couples I went to Europe I was disappointed that I accidentally went to restaurants and most were underground. That all changed when I started checking TripAdvisor for restaurant reviews, that's all it took to make every meal amazing. This was not so much a money-saving tip as a general tip. However, TripAdvisor allows you to search by the overall price of the restaurants so $ is cheap $$$ is average $$$ gets expensive, etc.

Here's a money-saving tip: buying groceries in Europe is usually very cheap. So if you have booked an apartment with a kitchen, take advantage of it! Go shopping at a local market and buy some new weird foods to cook! If you're on a road trip, get some sandwich things to save a few bucks.

Step 8. Realize that there are even more expenses

Although travel, accommodation and food are your main expenses, of course there will be others. Things to consider include, transfer as soon as you arrive, sightseeing fees and souvenirs.

Transportation options include public transportation. Most European cities have fantastic and inexpensive public transport that can be purchased with a local currency or debit card in a kiosk. Note that American credit cards often don't work on them as you need a chip and pin number.

Renting a car is a great option if you plan to travel outside the cities, are usually quite affordable and give you ultimate freedom of mobility. Trains, though charming, are not usually a cheap way to travel across Europe. Flights are much less expensive and faster. But if you are in love with the idea of ​​seeing the countryside by train, it's worth a try. Tickets can be purchased in advance on the Eurorail website for a fee. Or if you are more flexible and feel you are worth the risk, you can buy them in person at the train station for usually a little less.

Step 9. Travel light

Although you may not think traveling light will save you money, believe me, it will. First of all, every airline is going to charge luggage fees. So each leg of your flight will cost you $ 25 to $ 100 for each bag. This is growing rapidly. Second, if you have two suitcases, you will fill two suitcases full of things you may not need. Third, getting cheap transport such as the subway becomes frustrating and impractical when you pull two difficult bags. Fourth, your bags should be with you at all times or in a hotel, so if you plan to check out in the morning and go to another city, you won't be able to do anything until you arrive at your hotel and check the bags your. All in all, it's just a huge pain to carry with you a whole bunch of things around Europe. My advice, and I can't stress this enough, is to fit everything into a backpack. I have a 50L backpack and had everything I needed for a month and a half in Europe. Yes, there are places for laundry in Europe. If you say, you don't understand why you're a guy. I was traveling with two young women and they both fit everything in a backpack. If you say you do not understand because you are young, I traveled with my mother to Europe and fit in a normal school-size backpack! You can do it too!

Step 10. Always plan for the worst and hope for the best

Every time I travel to Europe I plan my expected expenses and round off everything. I'm also planning at least $ 200 of unexpected expenses. After all, my expenses are always well below that number, but I never want to end up in a cost-shock situation.


In 2,000 words I have given you the summary guide to Europe on a budget. There are of course many other things to consider when booking your trip to Europe, but most importantly do it alone! Find these cheap airline tickets to Europe and their books. You can fill in all the gaps later, don't try to plan everything before you get your tickets, and don't try to plan every second of every day. Take the time to be spontaneous and immerse yourself in European life.

Forex KISS strategy – sure

Most experienced traders believe that the best and most profitable of the capital markets is without a doubt the forex market. For many years, forex trading was not for everyone, but the only domain of the big banks, big financial institutions, and the central banks of countries; for example the US Federal Reserve Bank. Fortunately, the market is now open to anyone willing to learn the right techniques in forex trading and with the intention of making substantial profits using the same path that the big institutions use to make consistently high profits from trading in the Foreign Exchange Market.

Forex markets are open 24 hours a day most of the week, giving Forex traders enormous flexibility to trade in and out. As long as the markets remain open, prices will fluctuate constantly and respond to news and market conditions. All of this activity can be easily seen by looking at the forex charts. And thanks to these fluctuations, traders can trade profitably all day.

But the simple potential of high profits is not enough to feed your bank account. What you need is a reliable system that converts the profit potential into real money for you. Here's where the KISS strategy can work wonders for you if you know how to implement this great and reliable forex system.

What is the Forex KISS strategy? In brief; this forex trading strategy is an original system that relies on the long operational week of the currency markets and it shows you how to use your stops and entry orders wisely by applying them in such a sequence and order that you can easily manage your account can duplicate capital in less than three months without having to worry every day that you lose a lot of money from your account. Perhaps the only disadvantage of the system is that you can keep your computer on the market most of the week. The good news is that the system usually works alone.

KISS as without a doubt one of those Forex systems through which many people turn to the foreign exchange markets as a reliable source of income.

Cheap Holiday Packages: A Guide to Affordable Travel Packages and How to Find Them

Travel plans are not nearly as complicated as they used to be. There are so many useful websites and tools online that make booking hotels, selecting airline tickets and car rentals simple. Finding cheap holiday packages is easy and simple. You can browse the packages that are already together or customize your own by choosing from a variety of flights and hotels. Usually there is the option of including the hire of vehicles in the package.

To ensure that you have a good deal, use only a reputable and reliable online travel site. Navigation and search should be easy to use. You should be able to enter only the dates you intend to travel, your local airport and the city of destination. When conducting a search, you should only be able to search for airline tickets, airline + hotel and airline tickets + car and hotel rentals.

Of course, you can always check packages that are already combined unless you have specific plans. Last minute deals, for example, often include round-trip airfares and 2 to 5 nights at a budget hotel. If this is a cruise you are following, there are usually last-minute offers also available from the liner.

While some cheap holiday packages only include airline tickets, a room, and a meal or two, there are still some features such as access to a spa and tickets to nearby attractions. Read a package carefully to find out what it contains. Don't spend money on a package that offers a lot of things you probably won't need.

Cheap Cheap Travel Deals

Where exactly can you go? Which destinations offer the cheapest vacation? It depends on factors such as the time of year, the tourist season in the region, the weather, the airlines, the market fluctuations and so on. When searching for "cheap travel packages" or the like, you usually see Caribbean and Mexican destinations, followed by Vegas, Florida, California and Hawaii. Yes, sometimes it is still possible to find discount accommodation and airline tickets to Hawaii!

If you haven't yet decided on a specific destination, look for packages that focus on a topic you are interested in, such as a golf package, beach getaways, outdoor adventure, spa and relaxation excursions, ski resorts, etc. · You will be given recommendations for affordable travel that you will definitely enjoy.

Wherever you want to go or whatever you want to do, start your search for cheap holiday packages today. Keep in mind that the quoted prices are usually per person.

Do you have an online coupon code? If not, it's time to get one. It is the best way to get deals for cheap holiday bundles. Use the location to view all the current deals or search for airline tickets, hotels, car rentals, cruises and more.

How are currency values ​​determined?

And who determines currency values?

The answer to the second part is simple. Currency value is determined by the buyers of the currency. These are mainly travelers, governments and forex traders. FOREX stands for Foreign Exchange. There are many factors that currency traders, governments and companies take into account when determining the Fair Market Value of a currency.

Fair Market Value is the price at which a willing buyer and a willing seller come together. The buyer must take into account many elements and considerations to try to accurately assess the value of a currency at any time. There are now around 180 different currencies in the world. Let us consider some factors that are used to determine the value of a currency.

Factors that influence the currency value:

1. Political conditions in the country – This includes the stability of the government, the amount of corruption, bribery and the level of order. Also includes country relationships with other countries and especially their relationship with the US, the UK, China and Russia. The form of government in the country is also a factor used to assess the value of a currency. Consider the widely divergent forms of government in Saudi Arabia, China, the UK, Venezuela and Thailand, to name just a few.

2. Economic situation – This includes factors such as jobs, unemployment, work ethic, infrastructure, inflation and direction of the economy. Is it older or newer in orientation; computers and high-tech, or more agriculture and production.

3. External perception – The perceptions and attitudes of other countries towards a country are just as important as the reality of the country's actual situation. News, media, films, newspapers, rumors and spin can cause perceptions. How much is known about a country? The less that is generally known, the lower the value of a currency.

4. Demography – A young population can mean better prospects for the future, people who are more open to change and development and a growing workforce. The total population of a country plays a role. How much weight does this country have on the world stage?

5. National leaders – The openness, reliability and likeability of visible leaders is a factor. This includes political leaders, sports figures, business owners and celebrities. Here are some national figures that affect their countries, in a positive or negative sense. Kim Jung Il, David Beckham, Nicole Kidman, Madonna, Osama bin Laden, Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin. These help shape the perception of the world of a country.

6. Insulation versus openness – Continuum China is becoming more open and transparent. This helps. Cuba is very closed and isolated. Venezuela is becoming increasingly isolated by some of its recent actions. China's markets are becoming increasingly open. Cuba, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Japan all have different levels of openness with the outside world, which influences the value of their currencies.

7. Natural resources – The type and amount of exploitation of a country's natural resources certainly contributes to creating a perception of value, or lack thereof, of a national currency. Mining of minerals, forests, oil, fish and other resources are being considered. Also the level of technology to develop these resources.

8. Weather factors such as droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes and floods are taken into account. How often do they occur and how does the country respond. These also influence the desirability, safety and perception of a country. Is it a tourist destination?

9. War and conflicts – With which other country is a country at war, and who are the allies? Their military strength and technology, their willingness to wage war and for what, are important factors in judging the strength, stability and value of a country's currency.

10. Education – This includes spoken languages, level of computer knowledge, internet connection, culture and religion. Scientists, entrepreneurs, authors and inventors are all influenced by the type and quality of education in a country.

In conclusion, currency values ​​are determined by many factors. Not just one issue, but a composite of many should be considered. In trading currencies, such as in FOREX, transactions are usually done in pairs. Values ​​must be relative to something. So how does one country compare to another is also important. Common forex pairs are, for example, US dollars and Japanese yen, euros and US dollars. These and other factors determine the value of a currency. Some are tangible, others elusive. Some are solved and some are manageable. Sometimes it is the news of the moment and sometimes the lengthy situation. That is why currency values ​​often change and there is no place or person that determines currency values. And why currency exchange, based on fluctuating currency values, can be an exciting, lucrative, volatile, fun or disastrous form of business or investment.

Global Travel International and how it works

Global Travel International is one of the many Internet marketing programs on the market today that are geared towards integrating online bookings and brick and mortar activity of a travel agency. It has a pretty good reputation, and the fact that it's been around for the last 15 years is a proof of that. However, the real question is what does this mean for you? This article was created to help you learn exactly this.

For the first time, it is best to clearly understand the principle of operating the system. In short, you are basically a hired person who is expected to do the lead production service, and so you get paid. For a period of 14 days, it offers you the opportunity to try it if it works for you without any risk on your part. However, the cost of the trial offer is considered non-refundable.

The cost of member subscriptions includes an annual membership fee of $ 200 to $ 698 online which will give you access to additional training modules and free vacations or cruises. You also expect to pay an activation fee once. The system has three levels of assistance consisting of Silver, Gold and Platinum. All have a $ 199 annual membership renewal fee. The subscription level does not affect the amount of commissions you earned. It all depends on the amount of sales you manage to secure.

You will receive your own website as soon as you sign up for the program that you can use to direct customers who are looking for good deals and bookings. Each ticket a client book provides you with a corresponding commission that can be tracked through a reference number through the system's website or from the GTI Travel Reservation Center.

One of the great things about Global Travel International is the fact that it has a huge network. Currently, they have 40,000 agents located in 80 countries around the world. As a member, you can also benefit from discounts on travel, accommodation and car rental costs. There are certainly many people who have opted to become members to take advantage of these discounts and are not worried about making any sales. This is especially true for those who travel a lot to save thousands of dollars a year on their expenses. It is also an advantage when you consider the fact that you are not really making any sales efforts. Therefore, we do not need to make any effort for education. Referring to the people on your site is all there is to it.

Having said all the great things about Global Travel International, I also found some challenges in using it. On the other hand, the business operates in a polarized market. Many people's first instinct when planning and booking their trips is access to sources such as Expedia or Priceline, which is the main source for travel needs. Presenting your site to a large number of customers will not be a walk in the park. It's also not easy to take advantage of discounts from airlines that require you to make sales of $ 100,000.

The bottom line

Having researched the facts about this particular home business opportunity, I would say that the best way to profit from it is to take advantage of the travel discounts offered by the system as a valuable member. This would be ideal for someone who travels a lot as part of their business needs. Expect the fact that the travel agent card may not be valid in some establishments, so first check to see if you can get the best out of it.

In terms of actual sales, painting is not very easy, as your income translates to $ 25 for a $ 500 ticket. The challenge of importing your site also complicates the situation. It can help if you focus on group bookings and cruises. So if you are not able to meet these challenges, I would suggest sticking to travel discounts if you have these travel needs. What do you think; Feel free to post your own review below.

3 principles of Forex technical analysis

Forex (also known as currency exchange or fx) technical analysis, a widely used method in currency trading around the world, is based on three essential principles. The first principle is that the fx market promotion gives everything a discount. The actual market price is a reflection of everything the market is aware of and may have an effect on the price movement. The purely technical analyst only deals with price movements and not with the reasons for any changes.

Second, prices move in trends. Price can move in 3 directions, i.e. they can move up, down or sideways. Once a trend in one of these directions is in force, it will usually persist and create a trend. Technical analysis is also used to identify market behavior patterns that have long been recognized as important. These patterns usually behave in the same way as in the past, as long as you can recognize and format what they are. They have proven to be consistent in predicting future movements. If you can correctly identify the chart patterns and what the next price movement is, you can limit your losses and maximize your profit.

And thirdly, history repeats itself. Technical analysts believe that investors collectively repeat the patterns of their investment behavior. They tend to act in the same way and respond to different types of incentives, such as economic data or other news. Because investor behavior is repeated so often, it is possible to identify recognizable market patterns for analysis.

Therefore, a trader who is a purely technical analyst would not worry about market news. He would use the chart patterns because the market has taken the news into account and acted accordingly. Although widely used, there are some drawbacks to this trading method.

Indian Railways – The pride of India

Indian Railways and IRCTC share an important pattern within the central government mechanism. Since its launch in 1857, the IRCTC has been the Indian Railways. the best service he has ever produced. Operating between 7100 stations with more than 61,000 coaches, Indian trains are the 4th largest rail network in the world. The IRCTC (Indian Catering Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited) entered into online activities when the online trend gained momentum. This is the Indian Railway Marketing department and the two are working together to bring about organizational performance reforms.

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, DMRC, is an integral part of the Indian Railway and started in 1995. The latest achievement of the DMRC is the successful completion of the Delhi Metro Railways before the Commonwealth Games. Of course, the Delhi metro is an example of excellent technology and perseverance. Like the IRCTC, the Delhi metro has laurels on Indian railways.

If you visit the IRCTC website, you will also find holiday offers, hotel reservations and train packages. Prior to the IRCTC, train bookings were made through ticket boxes at train stations or at some public offices. But with the advent of IRCTC, rail booking can be done online and it has become a painless affair. You can get etickets on this site. Students traveling with etickets must carry a photo ID issued by a recognized School / College. The other passengers should carry a national-level photo booklet. This entered into force on 15 June 2010.

Rail reservations can be made for almost any category. From AC buses to people with disabilities, you can book everything at IRCTC. There is an extensive feedback mechanism from Indian Railways to generate general opinion on all Indian Railway companies, including IRCTC. These efforts help the government. organization remain in touch with public demand and expectations. To date, the Indian train has made significant developments, such as the Delhi metro, building new stations, delivering better reforms, IRCTC services and disability support services, helping billions of passengers daily travel comfortably. Hope, India's Pride & # 39; touches greater heights in the future.

Visiting destinations by train is always fun. Right from departure to arrival, you'll enjoy myriad experiences. the various landscapes you go through are undoubtedly a feast for the eyes. The IRCTC of Indian Railways is always innovating, occasionally introducing passenger benefit packages.

Did you know that Indian Rail's IRCTC portal is the largest and fastest growing e-commerce website in the Asia-Pacific region? Well, there are lazy users who book their railways online. There is no doubt that the IRCTC has been honored with many awards to date for its contribution to travelers. community in general.

Forex Robot Trader Review – Automatic Forex Trading Software System

All forex traders want to generate profit quickly. That is why everyone asks the same question. Which forex robot wholesaler generates high profits?

It was great to see how software robot systems are able to give traders a break from trading. Rob wholesalers have changed the way in which forex trading is done. "Finding the robot with the most profit" is a common search term.

Is it FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot? These two always fill Forex news. The popular duo is found as assistants for many traders. They earn a lot of money for their owners. But expert traders have used more than one robot at a time. They trade to make the most profit with multiple robots at the same time. Although choosing FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot gives you the profit you want, you can even consider using both.

You could actually consider choosing a pair or three robots to work for you. Each robot acts differently than the others. You really have to plan to interview each robot as if you were planning to hire it to work in the office. And every new robot that you hire must fit into your overall concept for how you want your team to work together.

Think of your own trade and buy robots that act the way you want. If you find the right combination of automatic assistant robotic traders, you can earn more money than you expected. You don't only have to stay with the popular FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot. There are many other robots that earn top money on the market that are not so well known.

You should consider visiting Forex trading sites that compare the different types of available robots. Then put together a team that you think works best with you as a leader. This is the way to choose the Forex robot trader who will be your first, and then the following robots. This is the way to generate the highest possible profit.

Pisa – not to be missed

My last visit to Pisa was in the '80s, a quick train journey from Florence so I could see some photos of the famous Leaning Tower or Campanile (bell tower for the cathedral) and then a hurry retreat in the capital of Tuscany. I will admit that my memory may be a bit vague, but at that time the tower was interesting, the spaces were full and the rest of the space was not promoted. Things have changed in Pisa since my last visit. The Tower and the rest of the site were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. The tower remains today in the National Geographic's "7 Wonders of the Middle Ages" catalog.

Visitors' access to the tower had been stopped for years to prevent further erosion. is now open on a limited basis. Today the non-profit Opera Della Primaziale Pisana (OPA) manages the entire site. Visitors are able to walk around the buildings in "Miracle Square", however, you can access these beautiful structures with a ticket. There are two variants of tickets, one that involves visiting the tower and the other not doing so. We chose without, as the wait for the tower to go up was 3 1/2 hours, so you have to go early if you really want to get a view from the top of the tower.

The famous Piazza del Duomo is slightly secluded, northwest of Pisa's city center. Piazza's buildings include the Duomo, the Baptistery, the Tower and the Camposanto (cemetery). It refers to this location as the site for the Pisa church before Constantine's peace treaty in 313. Historical research has concluded that the area actually enjoyed a much more prominent position in the city during Etruscan and Late Roman times. At that time, the Auser River flowed near the square and would provide access to the sea. The Auser River has ceased to flow at some point in the last millennium and the city center of Pisa has sunk on the other side of the Arno River. The nature of this urban development has created a unique historical location in a park like the environment.

Sacred buildings from the Etruscan era were destroyed and replaced by middle-aged structures that stand today. The Duomo Cathedral started in 1063 is an important example of Pisan style of architecture. The exterior and interior of the cathedral are stunning. The circular baptistery is in Romanesque style with a Gothic dome that began in 1152 and the main entrance is in line with that of the cathedral. The bell tower (Campanile) started in 1173, starting to lean when the structure reached about 33 feet. Campanile was finally completed around 1301, but due to poor infrastructure it continued to move in recent years. Camposanto began in 1278 and was completed in the 15th century. The whole area has been challenged over the years by natural and man-made causes, the condition of the ground beneath the tower, a fire in Duomo in 1595, and the Camposanto roof and sculptures were destroyed in 1944 during World War II.

Our visit to Pisa was early in the season, before Easter and the summer crowds. The area was still very crowded, though the combined OPA ticket provides a crowd control inside the structures, doing nothing for the massive crowds crouching in one place to take crazy pictures of their friends holding the tower. I was not interested in these disasters and could only imagine the chaos at the height of the tourist season. But there is some relief at the edges of the square, with two museums the Museo delle Sinopie and the Museo dell & # 39; Opera del Duomo available on the same ticket. These two small buildings host real pieces of space, including conspiracies or artistic sketches of the frescoes found at Camposanto.

In the end you should not miss a visit to Pisa. The small town can easily be reached as a day trip from Florence, but it is definitely worth a slightly longer visit. However, be aware that like all sights, there are controversial traders, marginal tourist menus, and plenty of spy trash sellers.